15. Fort Raleigh National Historic Site

Fort Raleigh National Historic Site protects and preserves known portions of England's first New World settlements from 1584 to 1590. This site also preserves the cultural heritage of the Native Americans, European Americans and African Americans who have lived on Roanoke Island. Temporary exhibits and a 17-minute film are currently available inside the visitor center. An earthen fort is constructed on the site associated with England’s colonization efforts. The Thomas Hariot Nature Trail offers a 20-minute pocket wilderness experience of the island's natural setting. Wayside signs on the trail relate what English explorers observed of the natural resources and the commodities that could be made from them. The Freedom Trail leads one and one quarter miles from the nearby Elizabethan Gardens through the park land to the island's western edge, offering a view that the native Algonquians enjoyed from their island home.