The refuge is home to dozens of species of birds. There are a few that are readily seen and heard along the trail. Pileated woodpeckers are the most common bird seen and heard in the forest here. They live on the refuge year-round, are very large woodpeckers with large red crests on their heard, and have a distinctive ‘yuk-yuk-yuk’ call as they fly through the forest canopy.
Some birds leave a mark on their surroundings such as the small holes left on this tree by the yellow-bellied sapsucker. These birds are known to tap into trees releasing the sap which is used to help secure insects that the birds store for future use.
Great blue herons are large wading birds frequently seen in the ditches and along the shorelines on the refuge. Their long legs and large bills enable them to hunt for fish and frogs in shallow water. They roost and nest in the crowns of large trees.
Bald eagles and ospreys are both large birds of prey that spend their lives hunting and nesting around water. They both live on fish and nest in the tops of large trees along shorelines.