There was a thriving logging town on this north shore of Milltail Creek from the 1870s through the early 1920s. There were approximately 100 miles of railroad tracks built throughout the forest. Mules carried felled trees from lumber camps to the nearest railroad track. Freight cars then carried the wood to a transfer station on Milltail Creek and barges took the lumber to sawmills in Elizabeth City by way of Alligator River and the Albemarle Sound. If you listen closely you may hear the faint sound of the whistle of the steamboat!
In 1920, prohibition laws were passed in the United States and moonshine became a popular way for Buffalo City citizens to make extra money. When logging camps at Buffalo City began to close in the 1920s, moonshine became the primary revenue source for citizens. Almost every family in Buffalo City operated a still. The liquor was made deep in the woods and transported by the same methods as the logs had been: by mules and boats. A 30-foot boat named the Hattie Creef sailed down Milltail Creek and across the Albemarle Sound to Elizabeth City, where the liquor was sold. The boat returned with large amounts of sugar, an ingredient in making moonshine. The moonshine found its way to the Speakeasies as far away as New York City.